Tilting at Windmills? The Indian Debate over the Responsibility to Protect after UNSC Resolution 1973
India voted for United Nations Security Council Resolution 1970, but abstained from Resolution 1973 authorizing a no-fly zone over Libya, subsequently criticizing the NATO campaign. This stance provoked much comment within India and among foreign commentators on Indian foreign policy. Some praised it as morally superior to approving military action, which was portrayed by some as Western 'neo-colonialism'. Others, however, were critical of India's unwillingness to back intervention in Libya and the principle of the Responsibility to Protect. For the critics, India's objections to UNSC 1973 merely demonstrated the continued weakness of the foreign policy establishment and its inability to balance power politics and ethical values. This article evaluates these various positions, but argues that while the Libyan episode stimulated an unprecedented amount of comment in India about R2P, it is unlikely that the Indian government or leading Indian commentators will soon shift their positions.
Global Responsibility to Protect