Scoring Functions Based on Second Level Score for k-SAT with Long Clauses
MetadataShow full item record
It is widely acknowledged that stochastic local search (SLS) algorithms can efficiently find models for satisfiable instances of the satisfiability (SAT) problem, especially for random k-SAT instances. However, compared to random 3-SAT instances where SLS algorithms have shown great success, random k-SAT instances with long clauses remain very difficult. Recently, the notion of second level score, denoted as "score_2", was proposed for improving SLS algorithms on long-clause SAT instances, and was first used in the powerful CCASat solver as a tie breaker. In this paper, we propose three new scoring functions based on score_2. Despite their simplicity, these functions are very effective for solving random k-SAT with long clauses. The first function combines score and score_2, and the second one additionally integrates the diversification property "age". These two functions are used in developing a new SLS algorithm called CScoreSAT. Experimental results on large random 5-SAT and 7-SAT instances near phase transition show that CScoreSAT significantly outperforms previous SLS solvers. However, CScoreSAT cannot rival its competitors on random k-SAT instances at phase transition. We improve CScoreSAT for such instances by another scoring function which combines score_2 with age. The resulting algorithm HScoreSAT exhibits state-of-the-art performance on random k-SAT (k>3) instances at phase transition. We also study the computation of score_2, including its implementation and computational complexity.
Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research
© 2014 A I Access Foundation, Inc. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing not elsewhere classified