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dc.contributor.authorBallantyne, Mark
dc.contributor.authorGudes, Ori
dc.contributor.authorPickering, Catherine
dc.date.accessioned2019-01-22T01:25:10Z
dc.date.available2019-01-22T01:25:10Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.issn01692046en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.07.004en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/67230
dc.description.abstractRemnant urban forests are often popular sites for recreational activities such as hiking, biking and motorised recreation. This can result in the formation of extensive trail networks, fragmenting vegetation into patches separated by modified edge effects and ultimately contributing to the degradation of the ecosystem as a whole. Here we use a GIS approach to assess the extent and diversity of trail-based fragmentation across 17 remnants of endangered urban forest (total area 829 ha, Tall Open Blackbutt Forest) in southeast Queensland, Australia. Fourteen different trail types totalling 46.1 km were mapped with informal biking and hiking trails the most common (57%, 26.5 km). More than 47 ha (5.7%) of forest have been lost to trails and their edge effect, nearly equal to the area recently cleared for urban development. The degree of fragmentation in some remnants was in the same order of magnitude as found for some of the most popular nature-based recreation sites in the world. In localised areas, the fragmentation was particularly severe as a result of wide trails used by motorised recreation, but these trails were generally uncommon across the landscape (5%). Spatial regression revealed that the number of access points per remnant was positively correlated with the degree of fragmentation. We encourage more landscape-scale research into trail-based fragmentation due to its capacity to impact extensive areas of endangered ecosystems. Management should seek to minimise the creation of informal trails by hardening popular routes, instigating stakeholder collaboration and centralising visitor flow.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom112en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto124en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalLandscape and Urban Planningen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume130en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchSocial Work not elsewhere classifieden_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode160799en_US
dc.titleRecreational trails are an important cause of fragmentation in endangered urban forests: A case-study from Australiaen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en_US
dc.description.versionPost-printen_US
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, Environmental Futures Research Instituteen_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2014, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.en_US
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