Determination of transport in the Caco-2 cell assay of compounds varying in lipophilicity using LC-MS: enhanced transport of Leu-enkephalin analogues.
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PURPOSE: To synthesize a number of analogues of Leu-enkephalin with different lipophilicities and to develop an LC-MS method for determining the Caco-2 cell permeability values of these compounds. METHODS: A number of sugar and sugar plus lipoamino acid analogues of Leu-enkephalin were synthesized by solid-phase and solution methods. An LC-MS method was developed for analyzing the Caco-2 cell assay samples and validated against the traditional method using radiolabelled compounds. RESULTS: A sensitive and specific LC-MS assay was developed. Standard curves were linear in the range of 0.025-5 microM. Apparent permeability values determined by LC-MS and liquid scintillation counter were identical, for both a hydrophilic drug, cephalexin and a lipophilic Leu-enkaphalin analogue. Caco-2 permeability values for the analogues of Leu-enkephalin were determined and it was found that attachment of sugar or sugar and lipoamino acid to the Leu-enkephalin peptide resulted in an increase in the apparent permeability values compared to the native peptide, which was not transported across the Caco-2 cell monolayers. CONCLUSIONS: A rapid, generic LC-MS method for analyzing a range of compounds was developed. Attachment of a sugar or sugar and lipoamino acid to Leu-enkephalin improves the apparent permeability across Caco-2 cell monolayers.
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
PRE2009-Pharmaceutical Sciences and Pharmacy