CD8+ T Cells Have an Essential Role in Pulmonary Clearance of Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae following Mucosal Immunization
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A rodent respiratory experimental model has proved useful for investigating the immune mechanisms responsible for clearance of bacteria from the lungs. Immunohistochemical studies in immune and nonimmune rats have identified the cellular kinetics of response to bacterial pulmonary infection for CD8+, CD4+, and γδ+ T cells; B cells; and the expression of major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II). During the course of bacterial clearance, there was no apparent proliferation or extravasation of lymphocytes, nor was there increased expression of MHC-II in nonimmune animals despite an influx of polymorphonuclear leukocytes, whereas in immunized animals there was an early influx of CD8+ and γδ+ T cells, followed by enhanced expression of the MHC-II marker, cellular infiltration by polymorphonuclear leukocytes, and finally an increased number of CD4+ T cells. Depletion of CD8+ T cells confirmed their vital contribution in the preprimed immune response to pulmonary infection by significantly decreasing the animals' ability to clear bacteria following challenge.
Infection and Immunity
Copyright 2001 American Society for Microbiology. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.