Preliminary Collapse Simulation of a Reinforced Concrete Flat Plate Substructure Using Spring Connection Modelling
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To investigate progressive collapse behavior of reinforced concrete (RC) flat plate structures, a reliable and efficient numerical approach is developed in this study using spring connection modelling. This connection unit aims to simulate complicate punching shear behavior at critical regions surrounding the columns. Five springs are used as the connection elements: two for flexural and integrity steel bars and three for concrete contributions. The flexural and integrity steel bars embedded in the columns are modeled explicitly, which enables the model to present the structural behavior post punching shear failure. Bending and shear actions are represented by two concrete springs. The third concrete spring is assigned axial action property to restrain two end nodes of the connection on the model. In particular, the punching shear spring controls the connection unit when punching shear failure occurs. To apply the connection unit, the regions of slab-column connections are partitioned from the slab regions according to the critical shear surfaces. Then the connection unit links two corresponding nodes on the two edges formed from the partition. A physical experiment of a RC flat plate substructure under progressive collapse is simulated. Result comparison demonstrates that the numerical model has the capability to capture the structural behavior in progressive collapse. However, further improvement of the modelling technique is necessary to enhance numerical accuracy.
Applied Mechanics and Materials
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