A systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies of echocardiographic findings in OSA children after adenotonsilectomy
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Context: There is evidence that OSA in children can be associated with acute and chronic effects on the cardiovascular system due to repetitive episodes of apnea and hypoxemia. Objective: To assess whether there is an association between OSA and echocardiographic findings in children and whether that association persists after adenotonsillectomy. Data sources: A literature search was conducted based on PUBMED, EMBASE and LILACS. Study selection: Children with OSA and children who did not have OSA, who were aged =12 years. Data extraction: Two reviewers extracted data independently; the risk of bias was assessed by examining the selected sample, the recruitment method, completeness of follow up, and blinding. Results: Seven studies met all the inclusion criteria and methodological requirements. There was a significant difference with elevated mean pulmonary arterial pressure levels in OSA participants compared to those without OSA at preoperative assessment [mean difference (MD) 8.67; confidential interval (CI) 95% 6.09, 11.25]. OSA participants showed a statistically significant increased interventricular septum (IVS) thickness (mm) [MD 0.60; CI 95% 0.09, 1.11]; and right ventricular (RV) dimension (cm/m) [MD 0.19; CI 95% 0.10, 0.28]. There was also a significant increase in right ventricular (RV) dimension (cm/m) [MD 0.10; CI 95% 0.05, 0.14] in OSA children. Conclusion: There is moderate quality evidence regarding possible association between OSA and right heart repercussions. More prognosis studies are needed, to allow the combination of results in a meta-analysis.
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology