Measuring Team-Based Interprofessional Education Outcomes in Clinical Dentistry: Psychometric Evaluation of a New Scale at an Australian Dental School
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PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The literature on interprofessional education (IPE) assessment revealed the need to evaluate the influence of interprofessional teams-based processes on the quality of clinical dental education. This study aimed to develop a valid and reliable instrument to evaluate the effectiveness of interprofessional teams-based treatment planning (TBTP) on the quality of clinical dental education received at the Griffith University School of Dentistry and Oral Health (DOH). METHODS: In this study, a scale was developed and evaluated to measure 'interprofessional student team processes' and the 'quality of clinical dental education' received amongst dentistry, oral health therapy and dental technology undergraduate students. A face validity analysis by IPE experts confirmed that items within the scale reflected the meaning of relevant concepts. After piloting, 158 undergraduate students (61% response rate) involved with TBTP participated. RESULTS: An exploratory factor analysis using the principal component method retained twenty-three items with a total variance of 64.6% suggesting high content validity. Three subscales accounted for 45.7%, 11.4% and 7.5% of the variance respectively. Internal consistency of the scale (a = .943) and subscales 1 (a = .953), 2 (a = .897) and 3 (a = .813) were high. A reliability analysis yielded moderate (rs = 0.43) to high correlations (0.81) with the remaining scale items. Confirmatory factor analyses verified convergent validity and confirmed that this structure has a good model fit. CONCLUSION: This instrument might be useful in evaluating 'interprofessional teams-based processes' and their influence on the 'quality of clinical dental education' received in dental educational institutions.
Journal of Dental Education
© 2014 Journal of Dental Education (JDE). The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Dentistry not elsewhere classified