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dc.contributor.authorGreene, Tonyen_US
dc.contributor.authorKanso, Sungwanen_US
dc.contributor.authorPatel, Bharaten_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-04T15:31:05Z
dc.date.available2017-04-04T15:31:05Z
dc.date.issued2002en_US
dc.date.modified2009-09-16T07:41:09Z
dc.identifier.issn14665026en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1099/00207713-52-3-869en_AU
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/6967
dc.description.abstractA facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated strain COOI3B(T) (=ATCC BAA 136(T)=DSM 13966(T)), was isolated from the waters emitted by a bore well tapping the deep subterranean thermal waters of the Great Artesian Basin of Australia. The cells were straight to slightly curved rods (0.5--0.8 x 2--25 microm) that occurred singly and rarely in pairs or in chains. Strain COOI3B(T) was motile by peritrichous flagella. It stained Gram-negative, but electron micrographs showed a Gram-positive-type cell wall. Spores were never observed and cells were heat-sensitive. Yeast extract at 0.02% (w/v) was required for growth and could also be used as a sole carbon and energy source at concentrations higher than 0.1% (w/v). The strain utilized amorphous iron(III), manganese(IV), nitrate, nitrite and fumarate as electron acceptors in the presence of yeast extract, glucose, sucrose, fructose, maltose, xylose, starch, glycerol, ethanol or lactate. Electron acceptors were not obligately required and growth was better in the presence of nitrate than in its absence. Acid was not produced from growth on carbohydrates. Tryptophan deaminase, H(2)S, arginine dihydrolase, lysine decarboxylase, beta-galactosidase, arabinosidase, glucuronidase, glucosaminidase, nitroanilidase, xylosidase and ornithine decarboxylase were not produced. Starch and gelatin, but not casein, were hydrolysed. Aesculin and catalase, but not oxidase and urease, were produced. Strain COOI3B(T) grew optimally at temperatures between 37 and 40 degrees C (the temperature growth range was 25--45 degrees C) and at pH 7.0--9.0 (the pH growth range was 6.0 to 9.5) with 5% (w/v) NaCl (the NaCl concentration growth range was 0--9%, w/v). The DNA base composition was 43 +/- 1 mol% G+C. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that it was a member of the family Bacillaceae, Bacillus infernus and Bacillus firmus being the closest phylogenetic neighbours (having a mean similarity value of 96%); hence, strain COOI3B(T) is designated as a novel species, Bacillus subterraneus sp. nov.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherSociety of General Microbiologyen_US
dc.publisher.placeReading, UKen_US
dc.publisher.urihttp://ijs.sgmjournals.org/en_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom869en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto874en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiologyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume52en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode270308en_US
dc.titleBacillus subterraneus sp. nov., an iron- and manganese-reducing bacterium from a deep subsurface Australian thermal aquiferen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.date.issued2002
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


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