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dc.contributor.authorNg, Marie
dc.contributor.authorFleming, Tom
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, Margaret
dc.contributor.authorThomson, Blake
dc.contributor.authorGraetz, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorMargono, Christopher
dc.contributor.authorMullany, Erin C
dc.contributor.authorBiryukov, Stan
dc.contributor.authorAbbafati, Cristiana
dc.contributor.authorAbera, Semaw Ferede
dc.contributor.authorAbraham, Jerry P
dc.contributor.authorAbu-Rmeileh, Niveen ME
dc.contributor.authorAchoki, Tom
dc.contributor.authorAlBuhairan, Fadia S
dc.contributor.authorAlemu, Zewdie A
dc.contributor.authorAlfonso, Rafael
dc.contributor.authorAli, Mohammed K
dc.contributor.authorAli, Raghib
dc.contributor.authorAlvis Guzman, Nelson
dc.contributor.authorAmmar, Walid
dc.contributor.authorAnwari, Palwaslia
dc.contributor.authorBanerjee, Amitava
dc.contributor.authorBarquera, Simon
dc.contributor.authorBasu, Sanjay
dc.contributor.authorBennett, Derrick A
dc.contributor.authorBhutta, Zulfiqar
dc.contributor.authorBlore, Jed
dc.contributor.authorCabral, Norberto
dc.contributor.authorCampos Nonato, Ismael
dc.contributor.authorChang, Jung-Chen
dc.contributor.authorChowdhury, Rajiv
dc.contributor.authorCourville, Karen J
dc.contributor.authorCriqui, Michael H
dc.contributor.authorCundiff, David K
dc.contributor.authorDabhadkar, Kaustubh C
dc.contributor.authorDandona, Lalit
dc.contributor.authorDavis, Adrian
dc.contributor.authorDayama, Anand
dc.contributor.authorDharmaratne, Samath D
dc.contributor.authorDing, Eric L
dc.contributor.authorDurrani, Adnan M
dc.contributor.authorEsteghamati, Alireza
dc.contributor.authorFarzadfar, Farshad
dc.contributor.authorFay, Derek FJ
dc.contributor.authorFeigin, Valery L
dc.contributor.authorFlaxman, Abraham
dc.contributor.authorForouzanfar, Mohammad H
dc.contributor.authorGoto, Atsushi
dc.contributor.authorGreen, Mark A
dc.contributor.authorGupta, Rajeev
dc.contributor.authorHafezi-Nejad, Nima
dc.contributor.authorHankey, Graeme J
dc.contributor.authorHarewood, Heather C
dc.contributor.authorHavmoeller, Rasmus
dc.contributor.authorHay, Simon
dc.contributor.authorHernandez, Lucia
dc.contributor.authorHusseini, Abdullatif
dc.contributor.authorIdrisov, Bulot T
dc.contributor.authorIkeda, Nayu
dc.contributor.authorIslami, Farhad
dc.contributor.authorJahangir, Eiman
dc.contributor.authorJassal, Simerjot K
dc.contributor.authorJee, Sun Ha
dc.contributor.authorJeffreys, Mona
dc.contributor.authorJonas, Jost B
dc.contributor.authorKabagambe, Edmond K
dc.contributor.authorKhalifa, Shams Eldin Ali Hassan
dc.contributor.authorKengne, Andre Pascal
dc.contributor.authorKhader, Yousef Saleh
dc.contributor.authorKhang, Young-Ho
dc.contributor.authorKim, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorKimokoti, Ruth W
dc.contributor.authorKinge, Jonas M
dc.contributor.authorKokubo, Yoshihiro
dc.contributor.authorKosen, Soewarta
dc.contributor.authorKwan, Gene
dc.contributor.authorLai, Taavi
dc.contributor.authorLeinsalu, Mall
dc.contributor.authorLi, Yichong
dc.contributor.authorLiang, Xiaofeng
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Shiwei
dc.contributor.authorLogroscino, Giancarlo
dc.contributor.authorLotufo, Paulo A
dc.contributor.authorLu, Yuan
dc.contributor.authorMa, Jixiang
dc.contributor.authorMainoo, Nana Kwaku
dc.contributor.authorMensah, George A
dc.contributor.authorMerriman, Tony R
dc.contributor.authorMokdad, Ali H
dc.contributor.authorMoschandreas, Joanna
dc.contributor.authorNaghavi, Mohsen
dc.contributor.authorNaheed, Aliya
dc.contributor.authorNand, Devina
dc.contributor.authorNarayan, KM Venkat
dc.contributor.authorNelson, Erica Leigh
dc.contributor.authorNeuhouser, Marian L
dc.contributor.authorNisar, Muhammad Imran
dc.contributor.authorOhkubo, Takayoshi
dc.contributor.authorOti, Samuel O
dc.contributor.authorPedroza, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorPrabhakaran, Dorai
dc.contributor.authorRoy, Nobhojit
dc.contributor.authorSampson, Uchechukwu
dc.contributor.authorSeo, Hyeyoung
dc.contributor.authorSepanlou, Sadaf G
dc.contributor.authorShibuya, Kenji
dc.contributor.authorShiri, Rahman
dc.contributor.authorShiue, Ivy
dc.contributor.authorSingh, Gitanjali M
dc.contributor.authorSingh, Jasvinder A
dc.contributor.authorSkirbekk, Vegard
dc.contributor.authorStapelberg, Nicolas JC
dc.contributor.authorSturua, Lela
dc.contributor.authorSykes, Bryan L
dc.contributor.authorTobias, Martin
dc.contributor.authorTran, Bach X
dc.contributor.authorTrasande, Leonardo
dc.contributor.authorToyoshima, Hideaki
dc.contributor.authorvan de Vijver, Steven
dc.contributor.authorVasankari, Tommi J
dc.contributor.authorVeerman, J Lennert
dc.contributor.authorVelasquez-Melendez, Gustavo
dc.contributor.authorVlassov, Vasiliy Victorovich
dc.contributor.authorVollset, Stein Emil
dc.contributor.authorVos, Theo
dc.contributor.authorWang, Claire
dc.contributor.authorWang, XiaoRong
dc.contributor.authorWeiderpass, Elisabete
dc.contributor.authorWerdecker, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorWright, Jonathan L
dc.contributor.authorYang, Y Claire
dc.contributor.authorYatsuya, Hiroshi
dc.contributor.authorYoon, Jihyun
dc.contributor.authorYoon, Seok-Jon
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Yong
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Maigeng
dc.contributor.authorZhu, Shankuan
dc.contributor.authorLopez, Alan D
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Christopher JL
dc.contributor.authorGakidou, Emmanuela
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-10T03:44:50Z
dc.date.available2018-08-10T03:44:50Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.issn0140-6736
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60460-8
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/69762
dc.description.abstractBackground: In 2010, overweight and obesity were estimated to cause 3·4 million deaths, 3·9% of years of life lost, and 3·8% of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) worldwide. The rise in obesity has led to widespread calls for regular monitoring of changes in overweight and obesity prevalence in all populations. Comparable, up-to-date information about levels and trends is essential to quantify population health effects and to prompt decision makers to prioritise action. We estimate the global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980–2013. Methods: We systematically identified surveys, reports, and published studies (n=1769) that included data for height and weight, both through physical measurements and self-reports. We used mixed effects linear regression to correct for bias in self-reports. We obtained data for prevalence of obesity and overweight by age, sex, country, and year (n=19 244) with a spatiotemporal Gaussian process regression model to estimate prevalence with 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs). Findings: Worldwide, the proportion of adults with a body-mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m2 or greater increased between 1980 and 2013 from 28·8% (95% UI 28·4–29·3) to 36·9% (36·3–37·4) in men, and from 29·8% (29·3–30·2) to 38·0% (37·5–38·5) in women. Prevalence has increased substantially in children and adolescents in developed countries; 23·8% (22·9–24·7) of boys and 22·6% (21·7–23·6) of girls were overweight or obese in 2013. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has also increased in children and adolescents in developing countries, from 8·1% (7·7–8·6) to 12·9% (12·3–13·5) in 2013 for boys and from 8·4% (8·1–8·8) to 13·4% (13·0–13·9) in girls. In adults, estimated prevalence of obesity exceeded 50% in men in Tonga and in women in Kuwait, Kiribati, Federated States of Micronesia, Libya, Qatar, Tonga, and Samoa. Since 2006, the increase in adult obesity in developed countries has slowed down. Interpretation: Because of the established health risks and substantial increases in prevalence, obesity has become a major global health challenge. Not only is obesity increasing, but no national success stories have been reported in the past 33 years. Urgent global action and leadership is needed to help countries to more effectively intervene.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherThe Lancet Publishing Group
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom766
dc.relation.ispartofpageto781
dc.relation.ispartofissue9945
dc.relation.ispartofjournalThe Lancet
dc.relation.ispartofvolume384
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEpidemiology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode111706
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode11
dc.titleGlobal, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.description.versionPost-print
gro.rights.copyright© 2014 Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorStapelberg, Chris J.
gro.griffith.authorVeerman, Lennert L.


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