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dc.contributor.authorNg, Marie
dc.contributor.authorFleming, Tom
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, Margaret
dc.contributor.authorThomson, Blake
dc.contributor.authorGraetz, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorMargono, Christopher
dc.contributor.authorMullany, Erin
dc.contributor.authorBiryukov, Stan
dc.contributor.authorAbbafati, Cristiana
dc.contributor.authorAbera, Semaw Ferede
dc.contributor.authorAbraham, Jerry
dc.contributor.authorAbu-Rmeileh, Niveen E.
dc.contributor.authorAchoki, Tom
dc.contributor.authorAlBuhairan, Fadia
dc.contributor.authorAlemu, Zewdie
dc.contributor.authorAlfonso, Rafael
dc.contributor.authorAli, Mohammed
dc.contributor.authorAli, Raghib
dc.contributor.authorGuzman, Nelson Alvis
dc.contributor.authorAmmar, Walid
dc.contributor.authorAnwari, Palwasha
dc.contributor.authorBanerjee, Amitava
dc.contributor.authorBarquera, Simon
dc.contributor.authorBasu, Sanjay
dc.contributor.authorBennett, Derrick
dc.contributor.authorBhutta, Zulfi qar
dc.contributor.authorBlore, Jed
dc.contributor.authorCabral, Norberto
dc.contributor.authorStapelberg, Chris
dc.contributor.authoret al.
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-10T03:44:50Z
dc.date.available2018-08-10T03:44:50Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.issn1474547Xen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60460-8en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/69762
dc.description.abstractBackground: In 2010, overweight and obesity were estimated to cause 3·4 million deaths, 3·9% of years of life lost, and 3·8% of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) worldwide. The rise in obesity has led to widespread calls for regular monitoring of changes in overweight and obesity prevalence in all populations. Comparable, up-to-date information about levels and trends is essential to quantify population health effects and to prompt decision makers to prioritise action. We estimate the global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980–2013. Methods: We systematically identified surveys, reports, and published studies (n=1769) that included data for height and weight, both through physical measurements and self-reports. We used mixed effects linear regression to correct for bias in self-reports. We obtained data for prevalence of obesity and overweight by age, sex, country, and year (n=19 244) with a spatiotemporal Gaussian process regression model to estimate prevalence with 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs). Findings: Worldwide, the proportion of adults with a body-mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m2 or greater increased between 1980 and 2013 from 28·8% (95% UI 28·4–29·3) to 36·9% (36·3–37·4) in men, and from 29·8% (29·3–30·2) to 38·0% (37·5–38·5) in women. Prevalence has increased substantially in children and adolescents in developed countries; 23·8% (22·9–24·7) of boys and 22·6% (21·7–23·6) of girls were overweight or obese in 2013. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has also increased in children and adolescents in developing countries, from 8·1% (7·7–8·6) to 12·9% (12·3–13·5) in 2013 for boys and from 8·4% (8·1–8·8) to 13·4% (13·0–13·9) in girls. In adults, estimated prevalence of obesity exceeded 50% in men in Tonga and in women in Kuwait, Kiribati, Federated States of Micronesia, Libya, Qatar, Tonga, and Samoa. Since 2006, the increase in adult obesity in developed countries has slowed down. Interpretation: Because of the established health risks and substantial increases in prevalence, obesity has become a major global health challenge. Not only is obesity increasing, but no national success stories have been reported in the past 33 years. Urgent global action and leadership is needed to help countries to more effectively intervene.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherThe Lancet Publishing Groupen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom766en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto781en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue9945en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalThe Lanceten_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume384en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEpidemiologyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode111706en_US
dc.titleGlobal, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013en_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en_US
dc.description.versionPost-printen_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2014 Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.en_US
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