Gender and part-time work in Japan
Part-time work in Japan, as in other countries, is increasing as a form of paid work. There are, however, significant differences developing out of Japan's gender contract. Employers have created a gendered employment strategy which has been supported by governments, through social welfare policies and legislation, and the mainstream enterprise union movement which has supported categorisations of part-time workers as "auxilliary" despite their importance at the workplace. An analysis of one national supermarket chain indicates that part-time work as it is constructed in Japan does not challenge the gendered division of labour but seeks to lock women into the secondary labour market.
Equal Opportunities International