Double Sonogashira reactions on dihalogenated aminopyridines for the assembly of an array of 7-azaindoles bearing triazole and quinoxaline substituents at C-5: Inhibitory bioactivity against Giardia duodenalis trophozoites
MetadataShow full item record
The synthesis of 2,3,5-trisubstituted 7-azaindoles as well as 2,5-disubstituted 7-azaindoles from 3,5-dihalogenated 2-aminopyridines is outlined. Using a double Sonogashira coupling reaction on 2-amino-3,5- diiodopyridine followed by the Cacchi reaction the synthesis of 2,3,5-trisubstituted 7-azaindoles was accomplished. In addition, using two sequential Sonogashira coupling reactions on 2-amino-5-bromo- 3-iodopyridine and a potassium t-butoxide mediated ring closure reaction resulted in the assembly of 2,5-disubstituted 7-azaindoles. The 5-alkynyl substituent of the azaindole was easily converted into both quinoxaline and triazole substituents, the latter utilizing an alkyne-azide cycloaddition reaction. Some of these azaindole derivatives showed very promising biological activity against the gastrointestinal protozoal parasite Giardia duodenalis.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Biologically Active Molecules