The impact of social constraints and sense of coherence on the psychological adjustment of adolescents and young adults with CF
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In the last two decades the medical understanding of Cystic Fibrosis (CF) has dramatically improved, however, there are still significant gaps in our understanding of the psychological adjustment of families coping with CF. We examined the utility of the Social Cognitive Processing (SPC) Model in understanding interactions of parents and young people with CF. We also examined the relationship between social constraints, a key construct in the SCP model, sense of coherence and other psychological adjustment indicators for young people with CF. Participants comprised 49 individuals with CF, aged 16 to 25, recruited through state-based CF organisations in Australia. The results indicated that participant ratings of difficulties with communication (social constraints) were positively associated with ratings of depression, anxiety, and stress and negatively related to ratings of positive affect and seeing life challenges as predictable, manageable and meaningful (sense of coherence). Ratings of sense of coherence were also positively related to ratings of positive affect and negatively related to ratings of depression, anxiety and stress. A significant mediating effect of sense of coherence was also identified in the relationships between social constraints and positive affect and social constraints and stress. The theoretical and clinical implications of these findings are discussed.
© The Author(s) 2015. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Psychology not elsewhere classified