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dc.contributor.authorVan Doore, Kate
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-29T03:21:37Z
dc.date.available2019-03-29T03:21:37Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn1571-8182en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1163/15718182-02402006en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/99655
dc.description.abstractThere are an estimated eight million children residing in orphanages, or residential care facilities, globally and it is estimated that four out of five of these children are not orphans. It is well documented that many of these children are taken from their families by recruiters and sold into orphanages for the purpose of profit. These children are known as “paper orphans”. There is no formal legal academic research available on how international law regards the displacement from family and subsequent construction as an orphan. This article provides a legal account of the movement of the child from the family to the orphanage, and considers whether this movement can be categorised as child trafficking under international law. The major point of contention as to whether paper orphans are considered trafficked is whether they experience a form of exploitation that is included in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. This article examines the forms of exploitation that have been documented as being experienced by paper orphans and argues that the process of paper orphaning meets the current interpretation of the definition of trafficking.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherBrill - Nijhoffen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom378en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto407en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalInternational Journal of Children's Rightsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume24en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchInternational Law (excl. International Trade Law)en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode180116en_US
dc.titlePaper Orphans: Exploring Child Trafficking for the purpose of Orphanagesen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
dc.description.versionPre-printen_US
gro.facultyArts, Education & Law Group, School of Lawen_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2016 Brill Academic Publishers. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal website for access to the definitive, published version.en_US
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