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dc.contributor.authorBeal, Cara
dc.contributor.authorGurung, Ram
dc.contributor.authorStewart, Rodney
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-17T03:20:09Z
dc.date.available2018-10-17T03:20:09Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.issn1618-954Xen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10098-016-1241-9en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/99725
dc.description.abstractEssential service providers face unique challenges that are specific delivering a secure and safe water and energy supply to remote communities such as islands and isolated mainland townships. Many remote communities rely on energy intensive water supply systems which are inherently costly to operate. Water demand management programmes such as retrofitting households with water-efficient devices and appliances are one way of reducing the water-energy costs in these communities. This paper presents modelling results from a comparison between business as usual and a scenario where water-efficient strategies were retrofitted in households in three remote communities in Northern Australia. The modelling demonstrated considerable savings to both the water and energy average daily consumption and associated economic costs though reduced reliance on desalination plants and bore pumping. The retrofit scenario was shown to reduce water demand by between 14 and 39 ML/y and total energy demand in off-grid communities by between 83 and 208 MWh/y. Cost reductions for delivering treated water to households ranged between around AUD$11,000 and AUD$70,000 per year, depending on uptake rates of the retrofit programme by each community. This paper forms part of Stage 1 of the Remote and Isolated Communities Essential Services (RICES) project. Stage 2 will confirm many of the assumptions underlying the modelling and build on the smart metering datasets and community engagement process currently underway in Stage 1. The overall outcome of the RICES project is to ensure that such strategies are practical to implement on a broader scale to ultimately achieve more sustainable water and energy efficient off-grid communities.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherSpringeren_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto11en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalClean Technologies and Environmental Policyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Environmental Knowledgeen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Engineering Modellingen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode050201en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode090702en_US
dc.titleModelling the impacts of water efficient technologies on energy intensive water systems in remote and isolated communitiesen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
dc.description.versionPost-printen_US
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, Griffith School of Engineeringen_US
gro.description.notepublicThis publication has been entered into Griffith Research Online as an Advanced Online Version.en_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2016 Springer Berlin / Heidelberg. This is an electronic version of an article published in Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 2016, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 1713–1723. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy is available online at: http://link.springer.com// with the open URL of your article.en_US
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