Processes and Outcomes Associated with the Uptake of Organic Agriculture in th Global South

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Burch, David
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Lyons, Kristen
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2011
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Abstract

This thesis examines the processes and outcomes associated with the uptake of organic agriculture in the Global South. The thesis draws on insights and concepts from three distinct theoretical approaches – Actor-Network Theory (ANT), Resource mobilisation Theory (RMT) and framing analysis – to examine why organic agriculture has come to be taken up within the Global South, how organic agriculture has become taken up within the Global South and what implications are associated with the uptake in the Global South in terms of the future development of the organic agriculture phenomenon. The thesis argues that there is an array of interests and values held by adherents within the organic movement and that attempts to promote the uptake of organic agriculture in the Global South have served only to increase this diversity. The thesis argues firstly that the movement mobilisation has been grounded in market exchange relations, which has formed the basis for the uptake of organic agriculture in the Global South. Because they are mediated by non-human actors, market exchange relations provide a means to deliver incentives, which resonate with an array of interests and values held by a larger number of potential adherents. The thesis argues secondly that the uptake of organic agriculture in the Global South has been facilitated by the actions taken by Social Movement Organizations (SMOs) to frame organic agriculture in ways that resonate with the interests and values of new adherents, who believe in the goals and objectives of the movement, and constituents, who can provide financial resources to fund activities to promote the uptake of organic agriculture in the Global South. By framing organic agriculture as providing social and economic benefits to farmers in the Global South, SMOs have mobilised support from the international development cooperation sector.

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Thesis (PhD Doctorate)
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Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
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School of Biomedical and Physical Sciences
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The author owns the copyright in this thesis, unless stated otherwise.
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Subject
Organic agriculture
Actor-Network Theory
Resource Mobilisation Theory
Social Movement Organizations
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