Triage education in rural remote settings: A scoping review

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Hardy, Amber
Calleja, Pauline
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2019
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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Abstract

Background Triage is a complex nursing task to prioritise patient care, based on acuity. Triage decisions can affect patient safety and must employ critical thinking. Graduate registered nurses are expected to triage in rural facilities, which is in contrast to current guidelines. The purpose of this review was; to discover how effective education support programs were in developing clinical decision-making skills for graduates at triage; and to determine what is known about triage education support programs for graduate or novice registered nurses undertaking triage in rural and remote settings.

Method A scoping review was undertaken to identify and analyse primary research articles following PRISMA guidelines, sourced from four electronic databases.

Results 6158 retrieved articles were found, after duplicate removal and screening against inclusion/exclusion criteria; fourteen articles were included. Themes included ‘variability of triage accuracy and assessment’; ‘education qualifications and experience’; and ‘training and supervision’.

Conclusion This review demonstrates significant gaps in the literature reporting on this topic area, particularly in the rural context. Common recommendations include standardised triage education strategies, and strategies that account for differences in resourcing levels. Further research is required to attempt to link education strategies in rural contexts to acceptable triage outcomes like triage accuracy.

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INTERNATIONAL EMERGENCY NURSING
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43
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© 2019 Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.
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Nursing
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