Peripheral intravenous catheter material and design to reduce device failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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Matthews, R
Gavin, NC
Marsh, N
Marquart-Wilson, L
Keogh, S
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2023
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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Abstract

Background: Patients require vascular access for medical treatments, diagnostic procedures and symptom management. Current failure rates of peripheral intravascular catheters (PIVCs) are unacceptably high (40–50%). This systematic review aimed to determine the effect of different PIVC materials and designs on the incidence of PIVC failure. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in November 2022 using CINAHL, PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases. Randomised controlled trials that compared PIVC novel PIVC material/design and standard material/design were included. The primary outcome was all causes of PIVC failure, any reason for device removal due to cessation of device function; and secondary outcomes included individual PIVC complications and infection (local or systemic), and dwell times. Quality appraisal was conducted using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. A meta-analysis was performed using random effects model. Results: Seven randomised controlled trials were eligible for inclusion. In meta-analysis, the impact of material and design on PIVC failure in the studies favoured the intervention arms (RR 0.71, 95% CI 0.57–0.89), however there was substantial heterogeneity (I2 = 81%, 95% CI 61–91%). Through subgroup analyses, a significant difference on PIVC failure favoured the closed system over the open system (RR 0.85, 95% CI 0.73 to 0.99; I2 = 23%, 95% CI 0–90%). Conclusion: Catheter material and design can impact PIVC outcome. Conclusive recommendations are limited due to the small number of studies and inconsistent reporting of clinical outcomes. Further rigorous research of PIVC types is necessary to improve clinical practice and device selection pathways should reflect the resulting evidence.

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Infection, Disease & Health
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© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Australasian College for Infection Prevention and Control. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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Subject
Epidemiology
Nursing
Public health
Complications
Design
Failure
Material
Peripheral intravenous catheter
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Matthews, R; Gavin, NC; Marsh, N; Marquart-Wilson, L; Keogh, S, Peripheral intravenous catheter material and design to reduce device failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Infection, Disease & Health, 2023
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