Understanding the Chemisorption of 2-Methyl-2-propanethiol on Au(111)

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Wang, Yun
Hush, Noel S
Reimers, Jeffrey R
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2007
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Abstract

The chemisorption of 2-methyl-2-propanethiol on the Au(111) surface is studied using density functional theory, interpreting the observed lack of pitting of the surface and the appearance of the unusual (2v7 נv7)R19.1୲ adsorbate lattice. Bader charge analysis indicates that the adsorbate forms as a thiyl species, with the S-Au bond displaying primarily Au d to S p dative covalent character. While modulation of this contribution is shown to provide the driving force for possible chemisorption to supersurface gold adatoms rather than to the flat surface, the advent of a minor bonding process involving S p to Au s dative covalent bonding that is inactive for linear alkanethiol chemisorption is found to control the properties of chemisorbed branched alkanethiols. This contribution is shown to enhance the binding to the flat surface, inhibiting adatom chemisorption and thus preventing pitting of the surface, as well as stabilizing the adsorbate structure in which the sulfur sits above an fcc site. This stabilization makes the fcc and more-usual distorted bridge sites nearly equal in energy and leads to the occupancy of both sites in a complex (2v7 נv7)R19.1୲ adsorbate lattice.

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Journal of Physical Chemistry C

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111

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29

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Chemical sciences

Engineering

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