A Group-Based Community Reinforcement Approach of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Program to Improve Self-Care Behavior of Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

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Pan, Xiaoqun
Wang, Hongyu
Hong, Xin
Zheng, Chunzao
Wan, Yanan
Buys, Nicholas
Zhang, Yongqing
Sun, Jing
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Introduction: This study evaluated a cognitive behavioral-based self-care intervention program on diabetes management in individuals with type 2 diabetes in Jiangsu Province, China. People with type 2 diabetes were recruited to a 6-month, prospective, intervention study.

Methods: The intervention group (n = 296) received an intensive cognitive behavioral-based self-care intervention, including group activities, frequent blood glucose monitoring, nutritional counseling, diabetes-specific meal and a weekly progress report. The control group (n = 110) received diabetes education, including diet and physical activity instruction only. Assessment data was obtained at baseline, and after 12 and/or 24 weeks of intervention. The intention to treat method was used to assess the effectiveness of the intervention program.

Results: The intervention group showed improved fasting blood glucose, HbA1c, systolic and diastolic blood pressures compared to the control group. The intervention group also had significantly improved knowledge and self-care behavior, and general health.

Conclusion: This study demonstrates that significant improvement in glycemic control and markers of cardiovascular health can occur in Chinese people with type 2 diabetes following a CBT-based intervention program that includes diabetes education, frequent blood glucose monitoring and daily use of a diabetes-specific meal plan, suggesting CBT is beneficial to improve health outcome in patients with type 2 diabetes.

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Frontiers in Psychiatry

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© 2020 Pan, Wang, Hong, Zheng, Wan, Buys, Zhang and Sun. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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Pan, X; Wang, H; Hong, X; Zheng, C; Wan, Y; Buys, N; Zhang, Y; Sun, J, A Group-Based Community Reinforcement Approach of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Program to Improve Self-Care Behavior of Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2020, 11, pp. 719: 1-719: 10