Improving sepsis screening and care in a developing nation health setting: a description of implementation

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Alberto, Laura
Marshall, Andrea P
Walker, Rachel M
Pálizas, Fernando
Aitken, Leanne M
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2021
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Abstract

Evidence on sepsis screening and care in developing nations is insufficient to inform implementation practices in hospital wards. The aim of this multi-method study was to describe and evaluate the implementation of a three-step intervention (sepsis screening, alert activation, care) in five wards in Argentina in 2017. The implementation involved three stages: 1) context assessment, 2) development/participation in implementation strategies, 3) evaluation of intervention adherence. Results were variable. The context assessment (Stage 1) demonstrated the value of education, proactivity towards care and team structures. Strategies developed (Stage 2) included sepsis screening and response guide, education, team rounding, posters, champions, audit/feedback and knowledge brokering. In Stage 3, staff screened 92% patients (506/547) for sepsis at ≥60% of set times; only 33% (21/64) patients had a sepsis alert activated when needed. A similar proportion of patients who had alerts activated (n = 16, 76%) or not (n = 32, 74%) received at least one element of care. The use of implementation strategies resulted in adherence to some aspects of the intervention. Future research is needed to improve sepsis screening, alert activation and care in this setting.

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Nursing & Health Sciences
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© 2021 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Improving sepsis screening and care in a developing nation health setting: a description of implementation, Nursing and Health Sciences, 2021, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/nhs.12884. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving (http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828039.html)
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Subject
Nursing
Medical infection agents (incl. prions)
Medical microbiology
Public health
Implementation strategies
alert
care
developing nation
hospital wards
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Alberto, L; Marshall, AP; Walker, RM; Pálizas, F; Aitken, LM, Improving sepsis screening and care in a developing nation health setting: a description of implementation, Nursing & Health Sciences, 2021
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