Prevention of occlusion of cEnTral lInes for children with cancer: An implementation study

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Ullman, Amanda J
Condon, Paula
Edwards, Rachel
Gibson, Victoria
Takashima, Mari
Schults, Jessica
Dean, Anna
Cattanach, Paula
Nicholls, Wayne
Osborne, Sonya
Rickard, Claire M
Cooke, Marie
Kleidon, Tricia
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AIM: Central venous access devices (CVADs) are vital medical devices to support the treatment of paediatric cancer; however, device occlusion is common, which disrupts treatment. This study aimed to improve the identification and management of CVAD occlusions in children with cancer, as well as to identify the demographic, clinical and device characteristics associated with increased risk for CVAD occlusion. METHODS: A pre-post-implementation study was conducted at a metropolitan paediatric oncology facility in Australia, using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Patients with a CVAD for anti-cancer therapy were prospectively followed for occlusive events pre- and post- the implementation of clinical resources to support the identification and management of CVAD occlusive events. CVAD occlusion and management data were collected and compared pre- and post-implementation. Risk factors for CVAD occlusion were described by mixed-effects Poisson regression and incident rate ratios (IRR). RESULTS: A total of 133 CVADs were inserted into 131 patients for a total of 6784 catheter days. The incidence of CVAD-related occlusion pre-implementation was 59.7 (95% confidence interval (CI) 51.4-69.0, per 1000 catheter days); compared to 31.6 (95% CI 26.4-37.6); P < 0.01) post-implementation of clinical resources. In multivariate models, other than post-implementation phases (IRR 0.51 (95% CI 0.32-0.81)), only neutropaenia significantly increased the risk of CVAD occlusion (IRR 2.14 (95% CI 1.15-3.97)). CONCLUSION: CVAD occlusions in paediatric oncology are common. The development and implementation of CVAD occlusion resources to guide the identification and management of occlusive episodes led to a significant decrease in occlusive events.

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Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

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© 2020 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians). This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Prevention of occlusion of cEnTral lInes for children with cancer: An implementation study, Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 2020, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving (

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Ullman, AJ; Condon, P; Edwards, R; Gibson, V; Takashima, M; Schults, J; Dean, A; Cattanach, P; Nicholls, W; Osborne, S; Rickard, CM; Cooke, M; Kleidon, T, Prevention of occlusion of cEnTral lInes for children with cancer: An implementation study, Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 2020