Item trend learning for sequential recommendation system using gated graph neural network

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Tao, Y
Wang, C
Yao, L
Li, W
Yu, Y
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Recommendation system, or recommender system, is widely used in online Web applications like e-commerce Web sites and movie review Web sites. Sequential recommender put more emphasis upon user’s short-term preference through exploiting information from its recent history. By incorporating the user short-term preference into the recommendation, the algorithm achieves a higher accuracy, which proves that a more accurate user portrait or representation boosts the performance to a great extent. Intuitionally, we seek to improve the current item representation modeling via incorporating the item trend information. Most of the recommendation models neglect the importance of the ever-changing item popularity. To this end, this paper introduces a novel sequential recommendation approach dubbed TRec. TRec learns the item trend information from the implicit user interaction history and incorporates the item trend information into the subsequent item recommendation tasks. After that, a self-attention mechanism is used for better representation. We also investigate alternative ways to model the proposed item trend representation; we evaluate two variant models which leverage the power of gated graph neural network upon the item trend representation modeling to boost the representation ability. We conduct extensive experiments with seven baseline methods on four benchmark datasets. The empirical results show that our proposed approach outperforms the state-of-the-art models as high as 18.2%. The experiment result displays the effectiveness in item trend information learning while with low computational complexity as well. Our study demonstrates the importance of item trend information in recommendation system.

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Neural Computing and Applications

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Artificial intelligence

Cognitive and computational psychology

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Tao, Y; Wang, C; Yao, L; Li, W; Yu, Y, Item trend learning for sequential recommendation system using gated graph neural network, Neural Computing and Applications, 2021