Skin infection boosts memory B-cells specific for a cryptic vaccine epitope of group A streptococcus and broadens the immune response to enhance vaccine efficacy

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Pandey, Manisha
Ozberk, Victoria
Langshaw, Emma L
Calcutt, Ainslie
Powell, Jessica
Batzloff, Michael R
Rivera-Hernandez, Tania
Good, Michael F
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2018
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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Abstract

Antigenic diversity of the M protein is a major constraint to the development of immunity to group A streptococcus (GAS). We demonstrate that a conserved cryptic epitope that is unrecognized by the host immune system following infection can protect mice following vaccination, and that immunity is strengthened and broadened following successive infections. The observation that infection can boost and broaden, but cannot prime immunity to a cryptic epitope, may be exploited for vaccines for other pathogens.

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npj Vaccines
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© The Author(s) 2018. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
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Clinical sciences not elsewhere classified
Immunology
Medical microbiology
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