Improvement of rectification effects in diffuser/nozzle structures with viscoelastic fluids

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Nguyen, Nam-Trung
Lam, Yee-Cheong
Ho, Soon-Seng
Low, Cassandra Lee-Ngo
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2008
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This paper reports the improvement of rectification effects in diffuser/nozzle structures with viscoelastic fluids. Since rectification in a diffuser/nozzle structure with Newtonian fluids is caused by inertial effects, micropumps based on this concept require a relatively high Reynolds numbers and high pumping frequencies. In applications with relatively low Reynolds numbers, anisotropic behavior can be achieved with viscoelastic effects. In our investigations, a solution of dilute polyethylene oxide was used as the viscoelastic fluid. A microfluidic device was fabricated in silicon using deep reactive ion etching. The microfluidic device consists of access ports for pressure measurement, and a series of ten diffuser/nozzle structures. Measurements were carried out for diffuser/nozzle structures with opening angles ranging from 15࠴o 60஠Flow visualization,pressure drop and diodicity of de-ionized water and the viscoelastic fluid were compared and discussed. The improvement of diodicity promises a simple pumping concept at low Reynolds numbers for lab-on-a-chip applications.

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Biomicrofluidics

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2

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© 2008 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Biomicrofluidics, Vol. 2, pp. 034101-1-034101-14, 2008 and may be found at Http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2959099.

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Classical physics

Engineering practice and education not elsewhere classified

Nanotechnology

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