Does a rare mutation in PTPRA contribute to the development of Parkinson's disease in an Australian multi-incident family?

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Hill, MA
Bentley, SR
Walker, TL
Mellick, GD
Wood, SA
Sykes, AM
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2022
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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Abstract

The genetic study of multi-incident families is a powerful tool to investigate genetic contributions to the development of Parkinson's disease. In this study, we identified the rare PTPRA p.R223W variant as one of three putative genetic factors potentially contributing to disease in an Australian family with incomplete penetrance. Whole exome sequencing identified these mutations in three affected cousins. The rare PTPRA missense variant was predicted to be damaging and was absent from 3,842 alleles from PD cases. Overexpression of the wild-type RPTPα and R223W mutant in HEK293T cells identified that the R223W mutation did not impair RPTPα expression levels or alter its trafficking to the plasma membrane. The R223W mutation did alter proteolytic processing of RPTPα, resulting in the accumulation of a cleavage product. The mutation also resulted in decreased activation of Src family kinases. The functional consequences of this variant, either alone or in concert with the other identified genetic variants, highlights that even minor changes in normal cellular function may increase the risk of developing PD.

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PLoS One
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NHMRC
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GNT1084560
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© 2022 Hill et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Medical genetics (excl. cancer genetics)
Neurology and neuromuscular diseases
Clinical sciences
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Hill, MA; Bentley, SR; Walker, TL; Mellick, GD; Wood, SA; Sykes, AM, Does a rare mutation in PTPRA contribute to the development of Parkinson's disease in an Australian multi-incident family?, PLoS ONE, 2022, 17 (7), pp. e0271499
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