A pilot investigation of the Operationalized Predicaments of Suicide (OPS) framework

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Pridmore, S
Kuippers, P
Zainab, AM
Rrestifo, S
Lee, A
Aappleton, J
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2012
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Abstract

Background: Suicide may be conceptualized as an escape from intolerable predicaments, in particular, mental illness and environmental stressors. The operationalized predicaments of suicide (OPS) is a 4 category framework designed to assist in the classification of suicide. The objective was to examine whether this framework is potentially useful. Method: 18 psychiatrists from 6 different countries examined 12 written coroners' reports of suicide and rated each report according to the OPS. 16 of these raters then also completed a qualitative questionnaire regarding the framework. Results: In 89.8% of cases the raters where able to make a decision regarding the drivers which led to the suicides. The respondents displayed modest inter-rater correlation (Kappa = 0.42; P < 0.0001). In the qualitative section, respondents supported the face validity of OPS and considered it potentially useful. Feedback allowed improved wording of the OPS instructions. Conclusion: The OPS has potential as a useful framework. The OPS instructions have been improved and further studies are justified.

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Malaysian Journal of Medical Science

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19

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3

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© 2012 USM PENERBIT and the authors. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. For information about this journal please refer to the journal’s website or contact the authors.

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Mental health services

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