Dose and setting of rehabilitation received after stroke in Queensland, Australia: a prospective cohort study.

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Grimley, Rohan S
Rosbergen, Ingrid CM
Gustafsson, Louise
Horton, Eleanor
Green, Theresa
Cadigan, Greg
Kuys, Suzanne
Andrew, Nadine E
Cadilhac, Dominique A
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OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe patterns and dose of rehabilitation received following stroke and to investigate their relationship with outcomes. DESIGN: This was a prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: A total of seven public hospitals and all subsequent rehabilitation services in Queensland, Australia, participated in the study. SUBJECTS: Participants were consecutive patients surviving acute stroke between July 2016 and January 2017. METHODS: We tracked rehabilitation for six months following stroke and obtained 90- to 180-day outcomes from the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry. MEASURES: Dose of rehabilitation - time in therapy by physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech pathology; modified Rankin Scale (mRS)- premorbid, acute care discharge and 90- to 180-day follow-up. RESULTS: We recruited 504 patients, of whom 337 (median age = 73 years, 41% female) received 643 episodes of rehabilitation in 83 different services. Initial rehabilitation was predominantly inpatient (260/337, 77%) versus community-based (77/337, 21%). Therapy time was greater within inpatient services (median = 29 hours) compared to community-based (6 hours) or transition care (16 hours). Median (Quartile 1, Quartile 3) six-month cumulative therapy time was 73 hours (40, 130) when rehabilitation commenced in stroke units and continued in inpatient rehabilitation units; 43 hours (23, 78) when commenced in inpatient rehabilitation units; and 5 hours (2, 9) with only community rehabilitation. In 317 of 504 (63%) with follow-up data, improvement in mRS was most likely with inpatient rehabilitation (OR = 3.6, 95% CI = 1.7-7.7), lower with community rehabilitation (OR = 1.6, 95% CI = 0.7-3.8) compared to no rehabilitation, after adjustment for baseline factors. CONCLUSION: Amount of therapy varied widely between rehabilitation pathways. Amount of therapy and chance of improvement in function were highest with inpatient rehabilitation.

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Clin Rehabil

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Biomedical and clinical sciences

Clinical sciences

Cerebrovascular disease/stroke

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Grimley, RS; Rosbergen, IC; Gustafsson, L; Horton, E; Green, T; Cadigan, G; Kuys, S; Andrew, NE; Cadilhac, DA, Dose and setting of rehabilitation received after stroke in Queensland, Australia: a prospective cohort study., Clin Rehabil, 2020