The Modulatory Role of Growth Hormone in Inflammation and Macrophage Activation

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Huang, Zhengxiang
Xiao, Lan
Xiao, Yin
Chen, Chen
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2022
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Abstract

Inflammation is a body's response to remove harmful stimuli and heal tissue damage, which is involved in various physiology and pathophysiology conditions. If dysregulated, inflammation may lead to significant negative impacts. Growth hormone (GH) has been shown responsible for not only body growth but also critical in the modulation of inflammation. In this review, we summarize the current clinical and animal studies about the complex and critical role of GH in inflammation. Briefly, GH excess or deficiency may lead to pathological inflammatory status. In inflammatory diseases, GH may serve as an inflammatory modulator to control the disease progression and promote disease resolution. The detailed mechanisms and signaling pathways of GH on inflammation, with a focus on the modulation of macrophage polarization, are carefully discussed with potential direction for future investigations.

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Endocrinology
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Subject
Endocrinology
Clinical sciences
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Endocrinology & Metabolism
growth hormone
inflammation
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Huang, Z; Xiao, L; Xiao, Y; Chen, C, The Modulatory Role of Growth Hormone in Inflammation and Macrophage Activation, Endocrinology, 2022, 163 (8), pp. bqac088
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