Impacts of preoperative serum albumin level on outcomes of cytoreductive surgery and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy

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Huang, Y
Alzahrani, NA
Chua, TC
Huo, YR
Liauw, W
Morris, DL
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2016
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Abstract

Background: Only few small studies in the literature have explored the impacts of preoperative serum albumin level and clinical outcomes of patients with peritoneal surface malignancy (PSM) who underwent cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (PIC). This study aimed to evaluate the value of preoperative serum albumin as a prognostic factor for long-term survival outcomes after CRS and PIC in a large patient cohort and to determine whether preoperative serum albumin is correlated with perioperative complications. Methods: This retrospective study examined prospectively collected data for patients with PSM who underwent CRS and PIC by one surgical team at St George Hospital in Sydney, Australia. The study used 35 g/L as the cuffoff for normal serum albumin level. Results: The study enrolled 591 patients. Hypoalbuminemia was found to be associated with a significantly higher rate of major morbidity (p < 0.001), a longer ICU stay (p = 0.003), a longer HDU stay (p < 0.001), a longer total hospital stay (p < 0.001), and a shorter overall survival (OS) (p = 0.016). Factor analysis showed preoperative serum hypoalbuminemia to be a prognostic factor for a poor perioperative outcome (p = 0.018) and a poor OS (p = 0.026). Conclusion: Preoperative hypoalbuminemia is associated with poor perioperative outcomes. More importantly, it is a predictor of poorer OS for patients with PSM independent of the PCI, age, and completeness of cytoreduction. In the future, strategies should be undertaken to improve preoperative nutrition of malnourished patients as a means of improving clinical outcomes for patients with PSM.

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Annals of Surgical Oncology

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23

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8

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Oncology and carcinogenesis

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Huang, Y; Alzahrani, NA; Chua, TC; Huo, YR; Liauw, W; Morris, DL, Impacts of preoperative serum albumin level on outcomes of cytoreductive surgery and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy, Annals of Surgical Oncology, 2016, 23 (8), pp. 2411-2418

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