Promoting active travel to school: a systematic review (2010–2016)

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Pang, Bo
Kubacki, Krzysztof
Rundle-Thiele, Sharyn
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2017
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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Abstract

Background: Interventions aiming to promote active school travel (AST) are being implemented globally to reverse AST decline. This systematic literature provides an update of AST interventions assessing study quality and theory use to examine progress in the field. Methods: A systematic review was conducted to identify and analyse AST interventions published between 2010 and 2016. Seven databases were searched and exclusion criteria were applied to identify 18 AST interventions. Interventions were assessed using the Active Living by Design (ALBD) Community Action (5P) Model and the Evaluation of Public Health Practice Projects (EPHPP). Methods used to evaluate the effectiveness of each intervention and their outcomes and extent of theory use were examined. Results: Seven out of 18 studies reported theory use. The analysis of the interventions using the ALBD Community Action Model showed that Preparation and Promotion were used much more frequently than Policy and Physical projects. The methodological quality 14 out of 18 included interventions were assessed as weak according to the EPHPP framework. Conclusion: Noted improvements were an increase in use of objective measures. Lack of theory, weak methodological design and a lack of reliable and valid measurement were observed. Given that change is evident when theory is used and when policy changes are included extended use of the ALBD model and socio-ecological frameworks are recommended in future.

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BMC Public Health
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© 2017 The Author(s). Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
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Health services and systems
Public health
Epidemiology
CHILDRENS PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
SAFE ROUTES
URBAN FORM
CHILDHOOD OBESITY
WALKING
INTERVENTION
TRANSPORT
PROGRAM
BEHAVIOR
DESIGN
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Pang, B; Kubacki, K; Rundle-Thiele, S, Promoting active travel to school: a systematic review (2010–2016), BMC Public Health, 2017, 17 (1), pp. 1-15
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