Global Oral Health Inequalities in Incidence and Outcomes for Oral Cancer Causes and Solutions

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
File version
Author(s)
Johnson, NW
Warnakulasuriya, S
Gupta, PC
Dimba, E
Chindia, M
Otoh, EC
Sankaranarayanan, R
Califano, J
Kowalski, L
Griffith University Author(s)
Primary Supervisor
Other Supervisors
Editor(s)
Date
2011
Size

1501422 bytes

File type(s)

application/pdf

Location
License
Abstract

The mouth and oropharynx are among the ten most common sites affected by cancer worldwide, but global incidence varies widely. Five-year survival rates exceed 50% in only the best treatment centers. Causes are predominantly lifestyle-related: Tobacco, areca nut, alcohol, poor diet, viral infections, and pollution are all important etiological factors. Oral cancer is a disease of the poor and dispossessed, and reducing social inequalities requires national policies co-ordinated with wider health and social initiatives - the common risk factor approach: control of the environment; safe water; adequate food; public and professional education about early signs and symptoms; early diagnosis and intervention; evidence-based treatments appropriate to available resources; and thoughtful rehabilitation and palliative care. Reductions in inequalities, both within and between countries, are more likely to accrue from the application of existing knowledge in a whole-of-society approach. Basic research aimed at determining individual predisposition and acquired genetic determinants of carcinogenesis and tumor progression, thus allowing for targeted therapies, should be pursued opportunistically.

Journal Title

Advances in Dental Research

Conference Title
Book Title
Edition
Volume

23

Issue

2

Thesis Type
Degree Program
School
Publisher link
Patent number
Funder(s)
Grant identifier(s)
Rights Statement
Rights Statement

© 2011 IADR/AADR. Published by Sage Publications. This is the author-manuscript version of the paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.

Item Access Status
Note
Access the data
Related item(s)
Subject

Dentistry

Dentistry not elsewhere classified

Persistent link to this record
Citation
Collections