Animal models for assessing the impact of natural products on the aetiology and metabolic pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes

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Asrafuzzaman, Md
Cao, Yingnan
Afroz, Rizwana
Kamato, Danielle
Gray, Susan
Little, Peter J
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2017
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Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a complex and heterogeneous disorder which in its most common manifestation arises from insulin resistance and later insulin insufficiency. Type 2 diabetes is characterised by impaired insulin sensitivity and diagnosed as hyperglycaemia. Because of its cardiovascular consequences, Type 2 diabetes represents one of the world's leading causes of mortality and morbidity. Drug discovery and development are required to produce better ways to prevent, treat and manage diabetes and its complications. Diabetes is a human, not an animal disease, so animals do not get Type 2 diabetes. However there are animal models which are variously suitable for the investigation of new agents for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes. In this Review we have examined the various models that are available for the study of natural products with a focus on models (genetic, nutritional and spontaneous) for the metabolic abnormities of diabetes. These models are also relevant to the investigation of Western medicines for the treatment of diabetes. A suitable experimental model plays an important role in drug discovery for translational studies leading to increased understanding of the molecular basis and management of diabetes.

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Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
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Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, Research & Experimental
Pharmacology & Pharmacy
Research & Experimental Medicine
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Asrafuzzaman, M; Cao, Y; Afroz, R; Kamato, D; Gray, S; Little, PJ, Animal models for assessing the impact of natural products on the aetiology and metabolic pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes, Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 2017, 89, pp. 1242-1251
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