The Role of IL-10 in Malaria: A Double Edged Sword

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Kumar, Rajiv
Ng, Susanna
Engwerda, Christian
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2019
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https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Abstract

IL-10 produced by CD4+ T cells suppresses inflammation by inhibiting T cell functions and the upstream activities of antigen presenting cells (APCs). IL-10 was first identified in Th2 cells, but has since been described in IFNγ-producing Tbet+ Th1, FoxP3+ CD4+ regulatory T (Treg) and IL-17-producing CD4+ T (Th17) cells, as well as many innate and innate-like immune cell populations. IL-10 production by Th1 cells has emerged as an important mechanism to dampen inflammation in the face of intractable infection, including in African children with malaria. However, although these type I regulatory T (Tr1) cells protect tissue from inflammation, they may also promote disease by suppressing Th1 cell-mediated immunity, thereby allowing infection to persist. IL-10 produced by other immune cells during malaria can also influence disease outcome, but the full impact of this IL-10 production is still unclear. Together, the actions of this potent anti-inflammatory cytokine along with other immunoregulatory mechanisms that emerge following Plasmodium infection represent a potential hurdle for the development of immunity against malaria, whether naturally acquired or vaccine-induced. Recent advances in understanding how IL-10 production is initiated and regulated have revealed new opportunities for manipulating IL-10 for therapeutic advantage. In this review, we will summarize our current knowledge about IL-10 production during malaria and discuss its impact on disease outcome. We will highlight recent advances in our understanding about how IL-10 production by specific immune cell subsets is regulated and consider how this knowledge may be used in drug delivery and vaccination strategies to help eliminate malaria.

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Frontiers in Immunology
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© 2019 Kumar, Ng and Engwerda. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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Immunology
Medical microbiology
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Immunology
IL-10
malaria
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Kumar, R; Ng, S; Engwerda, C, The Role of IL-10 in Malaria: A Double Edged Sword, Frontiers in Immunology, 2019, 10, pp. 229
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