Contemporary Classifications of Suicidal Behaviors: A Systematic Literature Review

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Goodfellow, Benjamin
Kolves, Kairi
De Leo, Diego
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2020
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Abstract

Background: The absence of agreed-upon terminology, definitions, and operational classifications has hampered research in the field of suicidology for many decades. Aims and Method: We systematically reviewed contemporary classifications of suicidal behavior using the scope of the classification (comprehensive vs. restricted or single behaviors), and the presence or absence of a classification scheme and an operational definition of intent as features to enable analysis and comparison. Results: A chronological perspective shows that classification systems tend to be more and more precise and operational for clinical and research field work. However, on an international level, the development of classifications appears to precede the establishment of agreed-upon definitions and terms to describe suicidal behavior. Limitations: The review was conducted in English only. Conclusion: Universal agreement on definitions and terms for suicidal behavior should precede the development of classifications.

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Crisis

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This publication has been entered into Griffith Research Online as an Advanced Online Version.

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Psychology

Communication and media studies

Public health

Social work

Clinical and health psychology

classification

definition

nomenclature

suicidal behavior

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Citation

Goodfellow, B; Kõlves, K; De Leo, D, Contemporary Classifications of Suicidal Behaviors: A Systematic Literature Review, Crisis, 2019, pp. 1-8

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