Effects of temperature on hospitalisation among pre-school children in Hanoi, Vietnam

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Luong, LMT
Phung, D
Sly, PD
Dang, TN
Morawska, L
Thai, PK
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2019
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Abstract

This study examined the effect of short-term changes in ambient temperature on hospital admissions among children aged less than 5 years old in Hanoi, Vietnam. Data on daily hospital admissions from January 2010 to June 2014 were collected from two hospitals. Daily meteorological data were obtained for the same period. We applied time series analysis to evaluate the risk of hospitalisation related to hot and cold weather by age and causes. We found that a 1 °C decrease in minimum temperature during the cold weather months was associated with 2.2% increase in hospital admission for respiratory infection among children 3–5 years old. A 1 °C increase in diurnal temperature range (DTR) in cold weather was associated with an increase of 1.9% and 1.7% in hospitalisation for all causes and respiratory infection, respectively, among children < 3 years old and an increase of 1.8% and 3.4% in hospitalisation for all causes and respiratory infection, respectively, among children of 3–5 years old. Negative associations between hot weather and hospital admissions were demonstrated. These findings suggested that low temperature and DTRs in winter are important risk factors for hospital admissions among children aged < 5 years old in Hanoi. Other factors may have modified the effect of high temperature on hospital admissions of children in Hanoi.

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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

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26

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3

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Chemical sciences

Environmental sciences

Biological sciences

Ambient temperature

Children

Diurnal temperature ranges

Hospital admissions

Time series

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Luong, LMT; Phung, D; Sly, PD; Dang, TN; Morawska, L; Thai, PK, Effects of temperature on hospitalisation among pre-school children in Hanoi, Vietnam, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2019, 26 (3), pp. 2603-2612

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