Brain Injury as the Result of Violence: A Systematic Scoping Review

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Bates, Annerley
Matthews, Sarah
Simpson, Grahame
Bates, Lyndel
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2016
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Abstract

This scoping review investigated risk factors, impacts, outcomes, and service implications of violence-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) for individuals and their informal caregivers. A systematic search (Web of Science, PubMed, PsycInfo, ProQuest, Medline, Informit; 1990–2015) identified 17 studies meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Violence was the cause of between 3% and 26% of all TBIs. Males, a non-White racial background, preinjury unemployment, and preinjury substance abuse problems all elevated the risk for sustaining a violence-related TBI compared to other-cause TBI. However, few differences were observed in 12 months postinjury outcomes. No studies investigated the impact of violence-related TBI on informal caregivers.

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Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
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© 2016 Taylor & Francis (Routledge). This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Social Work In Disability & Rehabilitation on 20 Sep 2016, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/1536710X.2016.1220886
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Social work
Sociology
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