Trade Liberalization and Poverty in Fiji: A Computable General Equilibrium - Microsimulation Analysis

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Primary Supervisor

Bandaralage, Jay

Swift, Robyn

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Naranpanawa, Athula

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Date
2013
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Abstract

The aim of this thesis is to examine whether trade liberalization, in terms of complete tariff reductions, will contribute to poverty reduction in Fiji. Whilst poverty reduction is the ultimate goal of trade reforms, and if trade liberalization does promote growth, then will the poor benefit from this trade liberalization? Previous studies on trade liberalization on Fiji are based on partial equilibrium as well as general equilibrium analysis. These studies have shown that trade liberalization will have positive impacts on the Fijian economy. Trade liberalization is unlikely to produce equivalent results of its impact on poverty across households and regions. Thus even within a country or geographic regions, households and individuals are likely to be differently impacted. However, none of the existing studies focus on the impact of trade liberalization on poverty at the household level. This, according to my knowledge, is thus the first study using a computable general equilibrium combined with a microsimulation approach for analysing the impact of trade liberalization on poverty in Fiji. This research will therefore further our understanding of the impact of trade liberalization on poverty in a small island developing country. It will also fill the gap in the literature on Fiji which lacks the impact of macroeconomic policies such as the impact of trade liberalization on poverty.

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Thesis (PhD Doctorate)

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Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

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Griffith Business School

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The author owns the copyright in this thesis, unless stated otherwise.

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Subject

Trade liberalization, Fiji

Orani applied general equilibrium model

Tariff reductions

Economic conditions, Fiji

Computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, Fiji

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