Role of miR-193a in Cancer: Complexity and Factors Control the Pattern of its Expression

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Mamoori, Afraa
Gopalan, Vinod
Lam, Alfred K-Y
Griffith University Author(s)
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2018
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Abstract

Background: There is emerging data suggesting that the non-coding RNA (microRNA 193a or miR-193a) plays key roles in different types of cancers.

Objective: This review aims to investigate the functional significance of miR-193a in different cancers according to the information of literature.

Method: All the literature concerning miR-193a in cancer in PubMed are analysed.

Results: Several studies proved the association of miR-193a expression patterns with cancer’s stages, grades, response to the chemotherapy and even patient survival. Also, miR-193a can be used to differentiate some types of cancer. In cancer, miR-193a can act as a tumour suppressor gene or as an oncogene. Till now, several genetic factors (MAX, RXR α, XB130, P63, P73, AEG-1, HIFs, EGFR, Drosha, DGCR8, Dicer) and epigenetic factors (DNA methylation and long non-coding RNAs) were predicted to control miR-193a expression. They have fundamental effects on its biological behaviour in different types of cancers.

Conclusion: miR-193a has significant roles in cancer and can be targeted in the future for cancer therapy by better understanding of the factors that control its biological behaviour.

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CURRENT CANCER DRUG TARGETS

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18

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7

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© 2018 Bentham Science Publishers. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. The published manuscript is available at EurekaSelect via https://doi.org/10.2174/1568009618666180308105727

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Medicinal and biomolecular chemistry

Oncology and carcinogenesis

Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences

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