Behavioural and Cognitive Phenotypes in Genetic Disorders Associated with Offending

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Rice, Lauren J
Einfeld, Stewart L
Howlin, Patricia
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Lindsay, WR
Craig, LA
Griffiths, D
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2020
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Abstract

This chapter begins with an overview of the behavioural and cognitive characteristics associated with offenders with intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) more generally. It focuses on individuals with borderline or mild IDD (intelligence quotient between 55–79) since those with more severe intellectual impairment (i.e. moderate to profound IDD) are usually considered to lack the capacity of intent (mens rea) to commit a crime. The chapter also discusses genetic syndromes associated with these characteristics, with the emphasis being on syndromes associated with mild IDD. Although there are many genetic disorders associated with IDD, there is almost no systematic information on the prevalence of offending behaviours in individuals with these disorders. In selecting these disorders, the chapter focuses primarily on conditions associated with mild Intellectual Disability, and in which the behavioural phenotype includes two or more characteristics that are potential risk factors for offending.

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The Wiley Handbook on What Works for Offenders with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: An Evidence‐Based Approach to Theory, Assessment, and Treatment
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Psychology
Criminology
AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS
DOWN-SYNDROME
FRAGILE-X-SYNDROME
INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES
Penology
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Rice, LJ; Einfeld, SL; Howlin, P, Behavioural and Cognitive Phenotypes in Genetic Disorders Associated with Offending, The Wiley Handbook on What Works for Offenders with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: An Evidence‐Based Approach to Theory, Assessment, and Treatment, 2020, pp. 69-96
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