Altered productions of prostaglandins and prostamides by human amnion in response to infectious and inflammatory stimuli identified by mutliplex mass spectrometry

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Peiris, HN
Vaswani, K
Holland, O
Koh, YQ
Almughlliq, FB
Reed, S
Mitchell, MD
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2020
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Abstract

Introduction: Prostaglandins are critical for the onset and progression of labor in mammals, and are formed by the metabolism of arachidonic acid. The products of arachidonic acid, 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), and anandamide (AEA) have a similar lipid back bone but differing polar head groups, meaning that identification of these products by immunoassay can be difficult. Materials and methods: In the current study, we present the use of mass spectrometry as multiplex method of identifying the specific end products of arachidonic and anandamide metabolism by human derived amnion explants treated with either an infectious agent (LPS) or inflammatory mediator (IL-1β or TNF-α). Results: Human amnion tissue explants treated with LPS, IL-1β, or TNF-α increased production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2; p < 0.05) but decreased PGFM. Overall, PGE2 production was greater compared to the other prostaglandins and prostamides irrespective of treatment. Conclusions: The findings of the current study are in keeping with the literature which describes amnion tissues as predominantly producing PGE2. The use of mass spectrometry for the differential identification of prostaglandins, prostamides, and other eicosanoids may help better elucidate mechanisms of preterm labor, and lead to new targets for the prediction of risk for preterm labor and/or birth.

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Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids

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154

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Biochemistry and cell biology

Clinical sciences

Nutrition and dietetics

Amnion

Mass spectrometry

Prostaglandins

Prostamides

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Peiris, HN; Vaswani, K; Holland, O; Koh, YQ; Almughlliq, FB; Reed, S; Mitchell, MD, Altered productions of prostaglandins and prostamides by human amnion in response to infectious and inflammatory stimuli identified by mutliplex mass spectrometry, Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 2020, 154

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