Storm impacts on phytoplankton community dynamics in lakes

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Stockwell, Jason D
Doubek, Jonathan P
Adrian, Rita
Anneville, Orlane
Carey, Cayelan C
Carvalho, Laurence
Domis, Lisette N De Senerpont
Dur, Gael
Frassl, Marieke A
Grossart, Hans-Peter
Ibelings, Bas W
Lajeunesse, Marc J
Lewandowska, Aleksandra M
Llames, Maria E
et al.
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In many regions across the globe, extreme weather events such as storms have increased in frequency, intensity, and duration due to climate change. Ecological theory predicts that such extreme events should have large impacts on ecosystem structure and function. High winds and precipitation associated with storms can affect lakes via short-term runoff events from watersheds and physical mixing of the water column. In addition, lakes connected to rivers and streams will also experience flushing due to high flow rates. Although we have a well-developed understanding of how wind and precipitation events can alter lake physical processes and some aspects of biogeochemical cycling, our mechanistic understanding of the emergent responses of phytoplankton communities is poor. Here we provide a comprehensive synthesis that identifies how storms interact with lake and watershed attributes and their antecedent conditions to generate changes in lake physical and chemical environments. Such changes can restructure phytoplankton communities and their dynamics, as well as result in altered ecological function (e.g., carbon, nutrient and energy cycling) in the short- and long-term. We summarize the current understanding of storm-induced phytoplankton dynamics, identify knowledge gaps with a systematic review of the literature, and suggest future research directions across a gradient of lake types and environmental conditions.

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Global Change Biology

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© 2020 The Authors. Global Change Biology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Stockwell, JD; Doubek, JP; Adrian, R; Anneville, O; Carey, CC; Carvalho, L; Domis, LNDS; Dur, G; Frassl, MA; Grossart, H-P; Ibelings, BW; Lajeunesse, MJ; Lewandowska, AM; Llames, ME; et al., Storm impacts on phytoplankton community dynamics in lakes, Global Change Biology, 2020, 26 (5), pp. 2756-2784