Do Children Take the Same Number of Steps Every day?

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Author(s)
E. Wickel, Eric
C. Eisenmann, Joey
P. Pangrazi, Robert
V. Graser, Susan
Raustorp, Anders
Tomson, Mich
F. Cuddihy, thomas
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Dr. Peter T. Ellison

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2007
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the day-to-day variability in pedometer-assessed physical activity (steps/day). A total of 1,443 children aged 6-12 years from the United States (195 boys, 254 girls), Sweden (257 boys, 252 girls), and Australia (229 boys, 256 girls) wore a pedometer for 4 consecutive weekdays. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to examine daily differences in steps/day and the coefficient of variation (CV) was calculated for each individual to describe the day-to-day variability. Overall, mean steps/day were higher among boys (14,698 ᠳ,373 steps/day) than girls (12,086 ᠲ,929 steps/day). Significant differences were found between the 4 monitoring days for the entire sample; however, the absolute mean differences were small (55-958 steps) with an overall effect size of 0.01. This trend was apparent regardless of age, gender, and country. Individual CVs ranged from 2 to 88% and the overall mean CV approximated 22%. An age-related increase in the mean CV was observed between 6- and 12-year-old children. The age נgender נcountry interaction was not significant (P > 0.05). These findings have implications toward the proper design, analysis, and interpretation of studies regarding physical activity among children. Beyond this aspect, our results lend insight into potential age-related biological mechanisms that may also influence daily levels and patterns of physical activity. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 19:537-543, 2007. 頲007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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American Journal of Human Biology

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19

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4

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Evolutionary Biology

Nutrition and Dietetics

Anthropology

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