Gender-Role Differences in Spatial Ability: A Meta-Analytic Review

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
File version
Author(s)
Reilly, David
Neumann, David L
Griffith University Author(s)
Primary Supervisor
Other Supervisors
Editor(s)
Date
2013
Size

316764 bytes

File type(s)

application/pdf

Location
License
Abstract

Although gender-related differences in highly gender typed cognitive abilities are of considerable interest to educators and cognitive researchers alike, relatively little progress has been made in understanding the psychological processes that lead to them. Nash (1979) proposed a gender-role mediation hypothesis for such differences, with particular emphasis on spatial ability. However, changes in gender equality and gender stereotypes in the decades since merit a re-examination of whether a gender-role association still holds (Feingold 1988). A meta-analysis of 12 studies that examined gender-role identity and mental rotation performance was conducted. These included studies from the United Kingdom, Canada, Poland, Croatia, and the United States of America. The mean effect size for masculinity was r = .30 for men and r = .23 for women; no association was found between femininity and mental rotation. This effect size was slightly larger than that found previously by Signorella and Jamison (1986), and exceeds many other factors known to influence spatial ability. The implications of gender-role mediation of gender differences are discussed and future research directions are identified.

Journal Title

Sex Roles

Conference Title
Book Title
Edition
Volume

68

Issue

9-Oct

Thesis Type
Degree Program
School
Publisher link
Patent number
Funder(s)
Grant identifier(s)
Rights Statement
Rights Statement

© 2013 Springer Netherlands. This is an electronic version of an article published in Sex Roles, May 2013, Volume 68, Issue 9-10, pp 521-535. Sex Roles is available online at: http://link.springer.com/ with the open URL of your article.

Item Access Status
Note
Access the data
Related item(s)
Subject

Other human society

Educational psychology

Gender psychology

Cognition

Gender studies

Applied and developmental psychology

Social and personality psychology

Persistent link to this record
Citation
Collections