Suitability of Sarawak and Gladstone Fly Ash to Produce Geopolymers: A Physical, Chemical, Mechanical, Mineralogical and Microstructural Analysis

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Leong, Hsiao Yun
Ong, Dominic Ek Leong
Sanjayan, Jay G
Nazari, Ali
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2016
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Abstract

Two types of fly ash sourced from Sarawak, Malaysia and Gladstone, Australia reflect differences in chemical compositions, mineral phase and particle size distributions. In this paper, the Sarawak fly ash was used to produce geopolymer in comparison to the well-developed Gladstone fly ash-based geopolymer. Characteristics of fly ash and mixtures proportions affecting compressive strength of the geopolymers were investigated. It is found that the variations of both fly ash types on particle size distributions, chemical compositions, morphology properties and amorphous phase correspond to the compressive strength. The results obtained show that after 7 days, geopolymer using Sarawak fly ash has lower compressive strength of about 55 MPa than geopolymer using Gladstone fly ash with strength of about 62 MPa. In comparison with Gladstone fly ash-based geopolymer, it showed that Sarawak fly ash-based geopolymer can be a potential construction material. Moreover, the production of Sarawak fly ash-based geopolymer aids to widen the application of Sarawak fly ash from being treated as industrial waste consequently discharging into the ash pond.

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Ceramics International

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42

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© 2016 Elsevier Ltd and Techna S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.

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Chemical sciences

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Civil geotechnical engineering

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