Significance of LL-37 on Immunomodulation and Disease Outcome

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Yang, Binbin
Good, David
Mosaiab, Tamim
Liu, Wei
Ni, Guoying
Kaur, Jasmine
Liu, Xiaosong
Jessop, Calvin
Yang, Lu
Fadhil, Rushdi
Yi, Zhengjun
Wei, Ming Q
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2020
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https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Abstract

LL-37, also called cathelicidin, is an important part of the human immune system, which can resist various pathogens. A plethora of experiments have demonstrated that it has the multifunctional effects of immune regulation, in addition to antimicrobial activity. Recently, there have been increasing interest in its immune function. It was found that LL-37 can have two distinct functions in different tissues and different microenvironments. Thus, it is necessary to investigate LL-37 immune functions from the two sides of the same coin. On the one side, LL-37 promotes inflammation and immune response and exerts its anti-infective and antitumor effects; on the other side, it has the ability to inhibit inflammation and promote carcinogenesis. This review presents a brief summary of its expression, structure, and immunomodulatory effects as well as brief discussions on the role of this small peptide as a key factor in the development and treatment of various inflammation-related diseases and cancers.

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BioMed Research International
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2020
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© 2020 Binbin Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Biological sciences
Immunology
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Yang, B; Good, D; Mosaiab, T; Liu, W; Ni, G; Kaur, J; Liu, X; Jessop, C; Yang, L; Fadhil, R; Yi, Z; Wei, MQ, Significance of LL-37 on Immunomodulation and Disease Outcome, BioMed Research International, 2020, 2020, pp. 8349712:1-8349712:16
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