The Vanuatu Tourism Adaptation System: a holistic approach to reducing climate risk

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Loehr, Johanna
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2019
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Abstract

Tourist destinations in small island developing states are facing increasing risk from climate change, threatening not only tourism businesses but all destination elements including the community and ecosystems. In order to reduce climate risk destination wide, this paper first enhances the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change risk framework by extending it with destination specific features. This extended framework was drawn upon to develop a system model for Vanuatu, called the Vanuatu Tourism Adaptation System, using a qualitative multi-phase research design. The system highlights economic, socio-cultural, political, and environmental variables, how they are interlinked and thereby influence climate risk to destinations in Vanuatu. It provides a novel tool for understanding climate risk reduction within destinations as a holistic system and based on this understanding, destination trade-offs and policy recommendations are discussed. It can thus aid tourism and climate change decision makers in identifying and testing adaptation measures that benefit not only tourism but the destination more broadly, including the local community and ecosystem health. This study fills a gap in the academic literature by enhancing the systemic understanding of climate risk in small island developing states destinations and contributes to our understanding of tourism as a climate-resilient development pathway.

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Journal of Sustainable Tourism

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28

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4

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This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in the Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 2019, 28 (4), pp. 515-534, 07 Nov 2019, copyright Taylor & Francis, available online at: https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2019.1683185

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This publication has been entered as advanced online version in Griffith Research Online.

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Tourism

Human geography

Science & Technology

Social Sciences

Green & Sustainable Science & Technology

Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism

Science & Technology - Other Topics

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Loehr, J, The Vanuatu Tourism Adaptation System: a holistic approach to reducing climate risk, JJournal of Sustainable Tourism, 2019, 28 (4), pp. 515-534

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