Sagittal plane knee kinematics can be measured during activities of daily living following total knee arthroplasty with two IMU

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Cornish, Bradley M
Diamond, Laura E
Saxby, David John
Lloyd, David G
Shi, Beichen
Lyon, Jenna
Abbruzzese, Kevin
Gallie, Price
Maharaj, Jayishni
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Mengarelli, Alessandro
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Knee function is rarely measured objectively during functional tasks following total knee arthroplasty. Inertial measurement units (IMU) can measure knee kinematics and range of motion (ROM) during dynamic activities and offer an easy-to-use system for knee function assessment post total knee arthroplasty. However, IMU must be validated against gold standard three-dimensional optical motion capture systems (OMC) across a range of tasks if they are to see widespread uptake. We computed knee rotations and ROM from commercial IMU sensor measurements during walking, squatting, sit-to-stand, stair ascent, and stair descent in 21 patients one-year post total knee arthroplasty using two methods: direct computation using segment orientations (r_IMU), and an IMU-driven iCloud-based interactive lower limb model (m_IMU). This cross-sectional study compared computed knee angles and ROM to a gold-standard OMC and inverse kinematics method using Pearson’s correlation coefficient (R) and root-mean-square-differences (RMSD). The r_IMU and m_IMU methods estimated sagittal plane knee angles with excellent correlation (>0.95) compared to OMC for walking, squatting, sit-to-stand, and stair-ascent, and very good correlation (>0.90) for stair descent. For squatting, sit-to-stand, and walking, the mean RMSD for r_IMU and m_IMU compared to OMC were <4 degrees, < 5 degrees, and <6 degrees, respectively but higher for stair ascent and descent (~12 degrees). Frontal and transverse plane knee kinematics estimated using r_IMU and m_IMU showed poor to moderate correlation compared to OMC. There were no differences in ROM measurements during squatting, sit-to-stand, and walking across the two methods. Thus, IMUs can measure sagittal plane knee angles and ROM with high accuracy for a variety of tasks and may be a useful in-clinic tool for objective assessment of knee function following total knee arthroplasty.

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© 2024 Cornish et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Exercise physiology
Sports science and exercise
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Cornish, BM; Diamond, LE; Saxby, DJ; Lloyd, DG; Shi, B; Lyon, J; Abbruzzese, K; Gallie, P; Maharaj, J, Sagittal plane knee kinematics can be measured during activities of daily living following total knee arthroplasty with two IMU, PLoS One, 2024, 19 (2), pp. e0297899