A Systematic Review of Research in Psychology Training Clinics: How Far Have We Come?

Thumbnail Image
File version

Submitted Manuscript (SM)

Dyason, Katelyn M
Shanley, Dianne C
Hawkins, Erinn
Morrissey, Shirley A
Lambert, Michael J
Griffith University Author(s)
Primary Supervisor
Other Supervisors
File type(s)

Psychology training clinics provide evidence-based, cost-effective psychological services to the general public, while at the same time providing a training ground for future psychotherapists. Research in training clinics can advance the clinical literature, train psychotherapists in evidence-based practice and improve outcomes for clients. However, since the last published review of research published in psychology training clinics (Todd, Kurcias, & Gloster, 1994), it is unclear how much the training clinic literature has advanced in the last two decades or if findings can be synthesized across sites. A systematic, quantitative literature review with strict inclusion and exclusion criteria described 257 empirical studies conducted in training clinics since the previous review (1993–2015). Studies were coded and categorized into themes by three independent raters. Studies explored the nature and organization of training clinics, client characteristics, assessment, intervention, staff and clinical training, as well as research and research training. Across themes, it appeared that the literature has broadened extensively, highlighting that researchers have embraced training clinics as a sample source. Although there was a great breadth of topics researched, there remains insufficient depth in the majority of areas, and a need for multisite collaborations with a shared research agenda across training clinics. The review highlighted the extent to which training clinics are valuable research locations, although more research is needed to compare different training clinics and between training clinics versus nontraining clinics.

Journal Title

Training and Education in Professional Psychology

Conference Title
Book Title




Thesis Type
Degree Program
Publisher link
Patent number
Grant identifier(s)
Rights Statement
Rights Statement

© 2019 American Psycological Association. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record. Reproduced here in accordance with publisher policy. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version.

Item Access Status
Access the data
Related item(s)


Clinical psychology

Professional education and training

Applied and developmental psychology

Clinical and health psychology

Social Sciences

Psychology, Educational

psychology training clinic

systematic review

Persistent link to this record

Dyason, KM; Shanley, DC; Hawkins, E; Morrissey, SA; Lambert, MJ, A Systematic Review of Research in Psychology Training Clinics: How Far Have We Come?, Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 2019, 13 (1), pp. 4-20