The Use of Three-Dimensional DNA Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (3D DNA FISH) for the Detection of Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Circulating Tumor Cells

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Kulasinghe, Arutha
Lim, Yenkai
Kapeleris, Joanna
Warkiani, Majid
O'Byrne, Ken
Punyadeera, Chamindie
Griffith University Author(s)
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2020
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https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Abstract

Tumor tissue biopsy is often limited for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and alternative sources of tumoral information are desirable to determine molecular alterations such as anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are an appealing component of liquid biopsies, which can be sampled serially over the course of treatment. In this study, we enrolled a cohort of ALK-positive (n = 8) and ALK-negative (n = 12) NSCLC patients, enriched for CTCs using spiral microfluidic technology and performed DNA fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for ALK. CTCs were identified in 12/20 NSCLC patients ranging from 1 to 26 CTCs/7.5 mL blood. Our study revealed that 3D imaging of CTCs for ALK translocations captured a well-defined separation of 3' and 5' signals indicative of ALK translocations and overlapping 3'/5' signal was easily resolved by imaging through the nuclear volume. This study provides proof-of-principle for the use of 3D DNA FISH in the determination of CTC ALK translocations in NSCLC.

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Cells
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9
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6
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© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Subject
Oncology and carcinogenesis
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Cell Biology
circulating tumor cells
anaplastic lymphoma kinase
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Kulasinghe, A; Lim, Y; Kapeleris, J; Warkiani, M; O'Byrne, K; Punyadeera, C, The Use of Three-Dimensional DNA Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (3D DNA FISH) for the Detection of Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Circulating Tumor Cells, Cells, 2020, 9 (6), pp. 1465
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